Research Paper on the Study of Harmful Algal Blooms

Algae are simple non-flowering and typical aquatic plants of a large group, including the seaweeds and many single-celled forms. The algae have chlorophyll but lack true leaves, vascular tissues, roots and stems. There has been a rapid increase in the number of algae in recent decades and has some effects on the ecosystem, tourism, public health and fisheries. The scientists are making some inquiries, paying attention to developing approaches and technologies for management and research and the essay on rose flower. Scientists are finding and developing ways in which human beings can control phytoplankton.

There are different approaches to investigating the genetic and ecological basis for the production of allelochemicals and toxins. Students need to gain knowledge in understanding harmful algal blooms. Some of the challenges that the management of coastal resources and the people responsible for protecting human health face include multifactorial environmental stressors such as climate change and eutrophication. We will review some concepts, emphasis and approaches that science has taken to ensure that researchers tackle the algal bloom. Human health needs to be protected to ensure that diseases do not attack children and adults. Science and technology have taken a different shift in the diversified field when discussing essay paper sample.

Harmful algal blooms affect every coastal part of the world

The common name used to refer to algal flowers is “red tides.” The scientist considers using the term harmful algal blooms to red tides because the last name means a group of plants that colour the waters but have no harmful effects on the environment and exclude highly toxic bloom cells with lower cell concentration. HAB is primarily found in the marine ecosystem at the coastline, but people can also find it in a freshwater ecosystem, brackish water and the open ocean. Most of the HAB is caused due to the blooming of phytoplankton or microscopic algae, which includes certain cyanobacteria. HAB happens because of high biomass or rapid proliferation of harmful microalgae in the water column or sea surface. Low cell numbers containing highly toxic planktons species have different problems for sea animals and human beings. HAB monitoring needs to be conducted.

The designation of HAB is a concept of the society rather than how science defines the term. The blooms fit the HAB category if they are harmful to socio-economic interest, human health and the aquatic ecosystem. Some of the species of HAB are toxic, which produce blooms that may lead to illness or death of seabirds, mammals and fish living in the seas and the effects are transferred to other species through the food web. Human beings consuming unhealthy meals may be poisoned and get ill or even die due to much toxicity in their bodies. Toxins enter the human body through water-borne compounds and toxic aerosols that cause skin irritation and respiratory problems when they are realized through the poisonous cells. 

Some species of HAB release some compounds that are not toxins but can injure or kill the finfish. HAB, which is non-toxic, can damage the recreational facilities, fisheries resources and the ecosystem because of high accumulated algae biomass, which leads to toxic foam and scums and cause death in fauna species and the depletion of oxygen in the sea. The marine ecosystem and human health are at risk because of the various forms of HAB species and their impacts on the environment. Experts in the complex oceanography HAB phenomena require knowledge in multiple fields, including remote sensing, cell biology, and numerical modelling. The ability to manage the phenomena has expanded vastly over the past several years. 

Trends

Several countries and individual researchers run their programs to counter the large water bodies’ global pandemic. Various efforts have been establishing to ensure that the HAB is eradicated. Multiple scientists searched for different ways of countering the problematic seaweed.

Conclusion

HAB science needs to highlight ways through which various scientific technologies to keep human beings, animals and other marine species safe from their toxic effects. 

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